7 – 13 February 1982

Sunday, 7 February 1982

Assad forces kept attacking every neighborhood in the city, bombing, shelling, and burning as much as they could.

al-Wady (Valley) Neighborhood

A poor neighborhood of daily unemployed workers. Everyone who is over 14 was killed. Later, when the soldiers couldn’t find anything to steal, they destroyed and burned most of the houses there, leaving all women and children subject to the cold weather of February. Casualties estimated to be more than 300 civilians.

al-Mahatta (Train Station) Neighborhood

This neighborhood was a relatively new neighborhood and is close to the train station in Hama. On Sunday the 7th afternoon, the soldiers captured people in their twenties, and gathered them in the train station. They ordered the residents of the nearby buildings to watch them killing over 100 young man.

In other areas in al-Mahatta neighborhood, they did the same to young men in their twenties in two different school yards.

Later, they piled up the bodies in a big hole near the train station and left them there for days before allowing their families to bury their remains.

Death toll of the day was around 1000 civilians, many of them were children under 14 and most were young men in their twenties.

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Monday, 8 February 1982

In his diary, Dr. al-Ahmad says, “Everybody was scanning every radio station looking for news about the city; looking for someone speaking about our dying city. We couldn’t hear anything about Hama. Everybody ignored the news of everyday massacres. The Syrian radio was broadcasting songs about Hafez al-Assad, and news about “the national solidarity behind his wisdom”. Arab and western stations never mentioned Syria. The radio even sounded worse than the shelling and explosion noises.”

Bashoura neighborhood

The neighborhood was shelled for hours and was destroyed completely. Only a few survived. The soldiers were saying: “We killed everyone in Bashoura, nobody survived, not even children!”

Souk al-Marabet

Men were gathered and tanks run over them alive.

Survivors from Marabet and Bashoura were taken to Sina’a prison – most of them were killed under torture.

Souk al-Sagha – Jewelry Market

A dispute over the market between the “Special Forces Unit” and the “Defense Companies – Saraya al-Difa’s” ended by gunfire battle. Both “units” wanted to take over the market for themselves. Eventually, Defense Companies won the battle and took over the most valuable “booty” of the attack.

Bab Qibli (Southern Gate)

Bab Qibli is an area in the old city south of the Castle. Soldiers killed nearly everyone in the area, even children and toddlers.

Al-Madina Area – Old City Area

Old City’s residents were mainly Christians. They were also killed under the allegation of supporting the opposition and resistance in the city. Churches properties were stolen among the civilians’ properties.

Assad forces bombed the City Tower Clock, and killed later some Baath party officials and some soldiers from the city. Mass executions were carried on in different areas like Souk al-Taweel, and Dabbagha.

Civilian casualties of the day were around 534. Assad forces destroyed Souk al-Taweel and souk al-Sagaha.

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Tuesday, 9 February 1982

Assad forces started launching rockets and shelling all the city after midnight till early morning when they only concentrated their rocket attack on al-Hader area and the Old City.

Later, Assad forces started collecting bodies and dragging them to be buried in mass graves. They forced people to chant for Hafez and Rifaat Assad while watching their relative and friends being buried in those mass graves – they even forced women to dance in front of these graves. Whoever refused to comply was shot and buried with the rest of the bodies.

Souk al-Shajara

Witnessing all that, people in Souk al-Shajara area rebelled against the regime and tried to fight back. Assad forces attacked them with tanks and killed nearly 300 people.

Helicopters were targeting and shooting at people all over the city especially in the Castle area.

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Wednesday, 10 February 1982

After controlling the entire city, Assad forces started their demolition process in Hama. Buildings were bombed and destroyed. When someone tried to plea to keep their homes, they were run over by tanks.

Assad forces continued their rocket attack on the Old City.

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Thursday, 11 February 1982

Assad forces decimation of the city continued in al-Kilaniyah area – the, until then, well-preserved historical area in Hama.

Assad forces stopped their mass-killings for two days, Wednesday and Thursday, to trick people into believing that the military operation in Hama ended. Their atrocious acts continued which resulted in killing more than 300 civilians on Friday 12 February 1982.

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Friday, 12 February 1982

Assad forces continued shelling the Old City and al-Hader area.

Defense Companies, Saraya al-Difa’a, started executing injured people arriving to the National Hospital in Hama. The “National Hospital Massacres” as known to the public continued until the last day of the military operation.

Assad forces continued decimating the city – destroying the historical area of al-Kilaniyah and mosques of the city.

Al-Aseeda neighborhood:

Assad forces arrested and executed more than 45 civilians – five at least were under the age of 17.

Hammam al-Asa’adiyah

It’s an old bath house in Souk al-Taweel. When Assad forces allowed people to look for their relatives, 112 underage girls were found in this hammam killed after being raped.

Al-Mahatta Area

In al-Mahatta (Train Station area), Assad forces killed at least 60 blind men in what became to be known by the public as “The Massacre of the Blinds”.

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The military operation in Hama continues for the 12th day. Eighty tanks and 2,000 soldiers engaged in Assad forces attacks on civilian neighborhoods in the city. Neighborhoods of al-Shamaliya, al-Hamidiya, and al-Sharkiya were destroyed. Some buildings in al-Dabbagha were targeted on that day, killing around 52 civilians there.

Al-Hamidiya Neighborhood

Assad forces deployed Brigade 21 to attack al-Hamidiya Neighborhood, killing at least 1500 civilians that day.

Some soldiers defected and tried to defend the civilians, but they were arrested and killed later in Brigade 47 headquarters in Jabal Maarin.

To minimize defections, Assad forces arrested 2300 civilians who were not killed that day, but they executed most of them later in al-Sina’a prison.

4000 civilians were displaced after the attack on al-Hamidiya neighborhood.

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